The global political agreement, also known as the Paris Agreement, was signed on April 22, 2016, by 195 countries. The goal of this historic agreement was to combat climate change by keeping global temperatures from rising more than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

The Paris Agreement was significant because it was the first time that all the countries of the world agreed to work together to address climate change. The agreement came into being after years of negotiations, starting with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1992. The main negotiating point of the Paris Agreement was to create a framework for countries to set their own targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and to ensure that progress towards meeting these targets is transparent and measurable.

The Paris Agreement emphasizes the importance of countries working together and sharing information to achieve their climate goals. It also recognizes the need to support developing countries in their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change.

One of the key features of the Paris Agreement is that it allows countries to regularly update their climate targets, with the ultimate goal of reaching net-zero emissions by 2050. In addition, the agreement established a financial mechanism to support developing countries in their climate actions.

Since the Paris Agreement was signed, many countries have taken significant steps to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. However, there is still much more work to be done. The world`s largest emitters, including the United States and China, have set ambitious climate goals, but there are concerns about whether these goals will be met.

In summary, the Paris Agreement was signed on April 22, 2016, by 195 countries. Its goal is to combat climate change by limiting global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The agreement emphasizes the importance of countries working together and sharing information to achieve their climate goals, and it allows countries to regularly update their climate targets. While progress has been made since the agreement was signed, the world needs to continue working towards a more sustainable future.